Internal Medicine/Cardiology


Enrique Carbajal, MD

    Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, UCSF
  Medical School:

University Autonomous of Guadalajara (UAG)/
National University Autonomous of Mexico (UNAM)

  Residency: Texas Tech University, El Paso, Texas
  Fellowship: Cardiovascular Disease, VACCHC System, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program
  Board Certified:

Internal Medicine


  Awards and Recognition: Tobacco Related Disease Research Program-University of California
  Research: Amlodipine randomized placebo-withdrawal angina and ischemia study Beta-and Calcium Channel blocker Therapy for Myocardial Ischemia in Cigarette Smokers

Evaluation of the incidence and significance of silent myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease.
  1. Carbajal E, Deedwania P. Contemporary approaches in medical management of patients with stable coronary artery disease. Med Clin North Am 1995;79:1063-1083.

  2. Carbajal E, Deedwania P. Medical and revascularization therapy for silent ischemia in the elderly. Cardiology in the Elderly 1995;3:352-365.

  3. Carbajal E. Cardiac troponins in acute coronary syndromes. N Engl J Med 1995;336:1258.

  4. Carbajal E. Noncardiac surgery in CAD patients. Circulation 98:823-824.

  5. Carbajal E, Smith R. Implantable cardiac defibrillators. N Engl J Med. 2002;347(5):365-7.

  6. Yee A, Gabayan A, Carbajal E. Thrombolytic therapy vs angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction. JAMA. 2002 Nov 13;288(18):2263.

  7. Carbajal EV, Deedwania PC. Beta-blocking therapy for silent myocardial ischemia. In Shlomo Stern (ed): Silent myocardial ischemia. The Livery House, 7-9 Pratt Street, London, NW1 OAE. Martin Dunitz Ltd, 1998;pp 111-125. (textbook)

  8. Carbajal EV , Deedwania PC. Congestive Heart Failure. In Michael H. Crawford (ed): Current Diagnosis and Treatment in Cardiology, 2nd edition. (A Lange medical book). McGraw Hill Companies, Inc.; Lange, 2002;pp 217-249140-162. (textbook).

  9. Deedwania P, Carbajal E. Exercise test predictors of ambulatory silent ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol 1990;66:1151-1156.

  10. Deedwania P, Carbajal E. Anti-ischemic effects of atenolol versus nifedipine in patients with coronary artery disease and ambulatory silent ischemia. J Am Coll Cardiol 1991;17:963-969.

  11. Deedwania P. Carbajal E. Usefulness of ambulatory silent myocardial ischemia added to the prognostic value of exercise test parameters in predicting risk of cardiac death in patients with stable angina pectoris and exercise-induced myocardial ischemia. Am J Cardiol 1991;68:1279-1286.

  12. Carbajal E, Deedwania P. Comparison of patients with exercise induced angina versus those with silent ischemia during exercise testing. J Am Coll Cardiol, February issue, 1997;29:966-76;165A.

  13. Deedwania P, Carbajal E, Martinusen M, Oakley J. Antiischemic effects of beta-blockade with betaxolol in patients with silent ischemia and peripheral vascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol, February issue, 1997;29:972-14;236A.

  14. Deedwania P, Wille G, Carbajal E, Guernsey J. Perioperative betaxolol reduces perioperative cardiac events in multivessel CAD patients undergoing vascular surgery. J Am Coll Cardiol, February issue, 1997;29:987-114;266A.

  15. Deedwania P, Oakley J, Carbajal E, Wille G, Wall J. Is noninvasive testing necessary for all patients undergoing preoperative risk assessment: The predictive value of clinical variables in patients with peripheral vascular disease. J Am Coll Cardiol, February issue, 1998; 31:1155-50:341A.

  16. I Sathayamurthy, M Girinath, B Murali, J Jamesraj, E Carbajal, P Deedwania, on behalf of the Apollo registry. Role of traditional coronary risk factors in Asian-Indian patients with angiographically proven CAD: The Apollo registry data. Eur Heart J 2006:27-580(3567)

  17. P Deedwania, E Carbajal, R Dietz, R Mukherjee, W Van Mieghem, F Zannad. Heart rate is a powerful predictor of mortality in post-AMI patients with heart failure: results from the EPHESUS trail. Eur Heart J 2006 27-590(3632)

  18. Deedwania PC, Pitt B. Carbajal EV, Ahmed A. Hyperglycemia and Poor Outcomes in Patients without Diabetes Mellitus in the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS): A Propensity Matched Analysis. Circulation