Internal Medicine/Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine


Vijay P. Balasubramanian, MD, MRCP (UK)

Associate Professor of Medicine, UCSF
Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care
Medical Director, Pulmonary Hypertension Program
UCSF Fresno









  Medical School: Stanley Medical College Hospital, Chennai, India
  Post-grad Training: Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom
  Residency: Medical College of Wisconsin- Internal Medicine
  Fellowship: Pulmonary and Critical Care, Medical College of Wisconsin
  Board Certified: Internal Medicine
Pulmonary Medicine
Critical Care Medicine
  Clinical and Research Interests : Pulmonary vascular disease, ILD, Sepsis
  Awards and Recognition: Distinction in General Internal Medicine, Stanley Medical College
Distinction in Ophthalmology, Stanley Medical College
Associate Royal College Tutor, George Elliot Hospital
Best Teacher Award, University of Birmingham
Best Presenter Award, ACP Poster Session, Madison, WI
Dr. James Skatrud Award, Wisconsin Thoracic Society
Best Research Presentation Award, MCW Research Retreat
Outstanding Faculty of the year 2007-08
Fellow of the College of Chest Physicians 2009

Publications (since 2009):

Incidence of Cement Pulmonary Embolism following Vertebroplasty - Narinder Gill, Linda Hamidjaja, VijayBalasubramanian - Principal Investigator - Presented at ATS, New Orleans 2010, Wester Regional - IM 2009 (Manuscript)


"Hypotheses" Study - Impact of Hypothyroidism on Severe Sepsis - Soe Naing, Vijay Balasubramanian - PrincipalInvestifator - Poster presented at ENDO 2010

"Study of Candidemia outcomes and risk factors in critically ill" - Score Study - Aarthi Narasimhan, Narinder Gill, AliRashidian, Naiel Nassar, Vijay Balasubramanian - Poster presented at IDSA 2010, Vancouver, Canada

"Study of Predictors of Early Mortality in Candidemia - A Retrospective study - Ali Rashidian MD, Aarthi Narasimhan MD,Narinder Gill MD, Vijay Balasubramanian MD - Presented at ACP California 2010

Utility of Surgical Lung Biopsy In Diagnosis and Management of Acute Respiratory Failure due to Diffuse Pulmonary Disease - Baljinder Sidhu, Narinder Gill, Nastran Hashemi, Ali Rashidian, Clarke Harding, Timothy Evans, VijayBalasubramanian, MD - Accepted for Poster presentation at ATS 2011, Denver, Colorado.

Surgical lung biopsy for Interstitial Lung Disease in Central Valley of California: Six year's experience - Narinder Gill,Nastran Hashemi, Baljinder Sidhu, Rashidian Ali, Clark Harding, Timothy Evans, Vijay Balasubramanian, MD - Three poster presentations at ATS 2011, Denver, Colorado

Utility of Pulmonary function in detection of Pulmonary Hypertension in Interstitial lung disease - Narinder Gill, NastranHashemi, Bajinder Sidhu, Rashidian Ali, Paul Mills, Vijay Balasubramanian, MD - Accepted for Poster presentation atATS 2011, Denver, Colorado

“Giant Left atrium – A “Pressing” problem”– Anupama Tiwari, Vijay Balasubramanian – Poster presentation at CHEST 2012.

“Pulmonary Artery – The Histopathology in ILD” (PATH study)– Catalin Nicola, Naveen Heragu, Clarke Harding, Vijay Balasubramanian – Poster presentation at the World PH Symposium 2013, Nice, France 

“Pulmonary Hypertension – A Single center’s experience (PHASE Registry)” – Mehrdad Ghahremani-Ghajar, Baljinder Sidhu, Rami Alrezk, Adnan Ameer, Paul Mills, Vijay Balasubramanian – Poster presented at ATS 2013

“Sub-cutaneous Treprostinil experience in treatment of Pulmonary arterial Hypertension in the Central Valley of California”– Thithiwat Sriprasart, Manminder Singh, Apinant Khemthong, Chris Pease, Paul Mills, Vijay Balasubramanian - Poster presentation at ATS 2013

Therapeutic utility of Heliox in the Medical Intensive care unit and outcomes – Zachary Reagle, Wade Veneman, Christopher Russo, Reza Ronaghi, Paul Mills, Vijay Balasubramanian – Poster presentation at CHEST 2013

“Ask the PH Expert” – “What is the difference between PH & PAH?” - Pulmonary Hypertension Association’s “Pathlight” journal – Published – Spring 2013 Edition

"Review of Adult Tracheomalacia - Relationship with COPD" - A Review article for Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine - Chitra Kandaswamy, Vijay Balasubramanian 


Book and Chapters

“Non-Thrombotic Pulmonary Embolism” – Vijay Balasubramanian, Jagrati Mathur, Malaygiri Aparnath - Published as a chapter in the book titled “Pulmonary Embolism”,  ISBN: 978-953-51-0233-5 (Intech Publishers) 2012



Ahmed, A, Balasubramanian, V: As rare as Hen's teeth - Primary pulmonary synovial sarcoma; A case report,SGIM, CA 2009.

El-Jammal, H, BalasubramanianV: Von-Hippel Lindau syndrome - An unusual case presenting unusually late; SGIM National & CA 2009.

Pavlova, R, Balasubramanian, V: Successful use of Heliox in treatment of Acute Laryngeal edema due to Caustic ingestion in an Adult; ACP-CA 2009

Escobar, A, Weilert, M, Balasubramanian, V: Diffuse Pulmonary Ossification - clinical vignette; Slide presentation at CHEST 2009.

Escobar, A, Balasubramanian, V: Pulmonary Vascular Ectasia (PULVE) In Scleroderma; ATS 2010.

Kandaswamy, C, Balasubramanian, V: Primary Pulmonary Synovial Sarcoma - The diagnostic utility of Cytogenetics; ATS 2010.

Gill, N, Hamidjaja, L, Balasubramanian, V: Incidence of Cement Pulmonary Embollism following Vertebroplasy;Principal Investigator , ATS 2010, Western Regional - IM 2009.

Naing, S., Balasubramanian, V: Hypotheses Study - Impact of Hypothyroidism on Severe Sepsis; ENDO 2010.

Edalat-Parsi K, Ghobrial M, Pugoy I, Balasubramanian V, Naing S.  “Hypothyroidism in Critically ill patients – Outcomes & effects of Thyroid hormone replacement therapy”  – Abstract presented as an Oral presentation at Endocrine Society 2012. (2nd place winner of the research competition amongst > 20 abstracts presented).

Tiwari A, Lee M, Ronaghi R, Vanderschelden P, Mills P, Balasubramanian V.  Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis– Experience of a single center(HYPE) – – IRB Approved – Abstract submitted for ATS 2014 – Abstract accepted for Poster presentation at Pulmonary Fibrosis Summit, San Diego 2013.

Tiwari A, Balasubramanian V.  The relationship between potassium chlorid and "fixed" airway obstruction -- Abstract for CHEST 2013.

Ronaghi R, Ghahremani-Ghajar M, Balasubramanian V.  Therapeutic efficacy of Inhaled Treprostinil in management of PAH” – Abstract submitted for ATS 2014.


Comparison of Outcomes between 3 Sub-groups of WHO-Group I PAH from a Single Center.” Reza Ronaghi, Aysha Imtiaz Khan, Brittany Doremus, Melony Mody, Vijay P. Balasubramanian. Accepted for Poster presentation at ATS 2015.


“Chronic Thrombo-embolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) – Experience from a single Center in Central Valley of California” - Reza Ronaghi, MD, Aysha Imtiaz Khan, Vijay Balasubramanian, MD. Abstract Submitted for Chest 2015.


“Connective Tissue Disease associated Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (CTD-PAH) Experience from a Single Center in California” - Reza Ronaghi, MD, Aysha Imtiaz Khan, Vijay Balasubramanian, MD. Abstract submitted for ERS 2015.


“Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension – “The Indiana Jones Project” - Vijay Balasubramanian, Valentine Ifeacho, Clarke Harding – Abstract submitted for Chest 2015



“SYMPHONY” STUDY” A Study of Macitentan in Pulmonary arterial Hypertension to validate PAH-SYMPACT - A multi-center, open-label, single-arm, Phase 3b study of macitentan in patients with PAH. Status: IRB Approved. 2013-2015


Continuous Inhaled NO in treatment of PAH, A Phase II study - Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-centre, multi-national study.  2012-2015